|Series||Early English books, 1641-1700 -- 1637:14|
|Contributions||Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1640-1705|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 sheet ( p.)|
() was so strongly inclined towards Protestantism that he made many concessions to the Protestants even in his own hereditary dominions. He invited distinguished Lutheran preachers to Vienna, conferred on Protestants influential positions at court, and gave permission for Protestant religious services at least to the nobles of Bohemia. They were devout Catholics, but Charles II had to grant concessions to his Lutheran subjects in and to secure the predominantly Protestant nobles and burghers' financial support for the establishment of a new defense system against the Ottoman Turks. Ferdinand's education was managed primarily by his mother. A. It barred Protestant princes from participating in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor B. It stipulated that Lutherans pay their tithe to the Catholic church C. It made Lutheranism a legal religion in the predominantly Catholic Holy Roman Empire, but it did not extend recognition to Calvinism. D. Ferdinand II () was Holy Roman emperor from to He attempted to revive imperial authority in Germany and to restore Catholicism in his domain. Born in Graz in Styria on July 9, , Ferdinand of Hapsburg was the son of Archduke Charles of inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria. His father, a devout Catholic, ruled a province which had.
Reformation Complete In Hungary there was no sudden fall of the Roman Catholic Church, but rather a gradual weakening of its support. The great progress of the Reformation came from three sources-the evident superior teaching of the Reformation so clearly seen in the Szantai-Gregory debate; the publishing of the Hungarian New Testament in ; and the reluctance of the claimants to the. - Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Bohemia attempted to curtail the religious activities of his subjects. Pitted Protestant against Catholic, the Holy Roman Empire against France, the German princes & princelings against the emperor & each other, & France against the Habsburgs of Spain; with Sweden, France, Spain & Austria all waging campaigns primarily on German soil. The answer came to him in a vision that he recorded in his book Spiritual Exercises. According to Loyola, salvation could be achieved by self-discipline and by doing good deeds. Loyla convinced six fellow students at the UNiversity of Paris to take religious vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience to the pope and to follow him. FERDINAND II. (–), Roman emperor, was the eldest son of Charles, archduke of Styria (d. ), and his wife Maria, daughter of Albert IV., duke of Bavaria and a grandson of the emperor Ferdinand I. Born at Gratz on the 9th of July , he was trained by the Jesuits, finishing his education at the university of Ingolstadt, and became the pattern prince of the counter-reformation.
The Emperour's concessions to his Protestant subjects of Hungary: as they were sent from Vienna in Latin, and are now translated out of the original copy, as follows by Holy Roman Empire (). When his cousins, the emperors Rudolf II and Matthias, died childless, Ferdinand inherited the Habsburg dominions in Austria, Bohemia, and Hungary. In he was elected king of Bohemia and in became king of Hungary. His Protestant subjects, fearing an attack on their right to worship, refused to swear loyalty to him. Ferdinand was accepted as king of Bohemia in and crowned king of Hungary in but met with Protestant resistance in Bohemia. Matthias and Klesl advised concessions to the Protestants, but Ferdinand refused compromise. The resulting Bohemian Revolt of became the first hostile act of the Thirty Years’ War. After Matthias's imperial accession, his kingship was dominated by Klesl, who hoped to bring about a compromise between Catholic and Protestant states within the Holy Roman Empire in order to strengthen it. Matthias had already been forced to grant religious concessions to Protestants in Austria and Moravia, as well as in Hungary, when he had allied with them against Rudolf.